Let's take a stroll through insanity…
Tiawanaku (Tiahuanaco) & Puma Punka, Bolivia
Puma Punka or “Gate/Door of the Puma” is the name of the ancient ruins of a Bolivian monument that historians believe predates the 13th century Incan civilisation by possibly 1,000 years. The Incas told the Spanish conquistadors that they did not build the monuments at Puma Punka or its immediate neighbour Tiawanaku. The Incans said these two ruins were the ancient remains of two older civilisations that existed long before the Incan empire ruled the region.
Modern scholars agree that the Puma Punka ruins are significantly older than the complex at Tiawanaku which has been dated to approx. the 6th – 8th centuries using C14 testing of organic samples taken from the lowest layer of earth beneath the earth mound at Tiawanaku, These samples returned a reading of 560ce – 600ce, but because the site has been disturbed, excavated and tampered with so many times during its history, we must consider the possibility that any C14 samples taken from the site may be contaminated by such intrusions as those of the 16th century Spaniards who searched the area hungry for gold, or the crazy mix & match efforts of the 20th century Archaeologists who foolishly tried to rebuild the site in line with their preconceived notions of how the south American megalithic site might have once looked.
These ruins were ruined forever by this reconstruction.
The older ruins of Puma Punka seem to have been revered in both the Incan and pre-incan traditions as being the place where mankind was created or life first started, similar to the garden of Eden in the Abrahamic belief systems.
Some of the stone blocks used in the construction of Tiawanaku were taken from the smaller blocks scattered widely across the area around the older Puma Punka ruins, and this action has unfortunately contaminated & defaced the site, an action which hampers research efforts to date Puma Punka.
Strangely enough, the pre-incan civilisation that built the Tiawanaku complex were not responsible for the foolish theft of the blocks from the older Puma Punka site. As already mentioned, the Incan & pre-Incan peoples revered Puma Punka as the First Place, where mankind was created. They would not have deliberately damaged or salvaged blocks from such a holy site. They would have preserved it for their future descendants.
The actual villains in this recycling disaster, who perpetrated this travesty to archaeology, were the Bolivian government. When the Bolivian government rebuilt most of the Tiawanaku complex in the 1960s for the purpose of attracting tourism, they created walls where there were no walls before, by placing rows of small squared blocks in between the existing standing monolithic stones, I have highlighted the older monolithic blocks in purple.
ABOVE – Looking towards the Ponce Monolith through the Grand entrance of the Kalasasaya Courtyard, as seen from the Submerged Temple. The name Kalasasaya means “the standing pillars”.
The modern appearance of Tiawanaku seems to be an elaborate fabrication of somebody’s creative imagination, rather than a professional government funded effort to conserve or restore an ancient site.
Have a look at this selection of comparative drawings & photos, and you will see exactly how much of the modern complex was none existent only 111 years ago.
BEFORE -No Walls
NOW – Walls
…they also moved and repositioned the 3 vertical monolith statues to the middle of the Subterraean Temple, Originally the taller monolith was in the middle with the two shorter monoliths 25ft either side, but today they are found grouped closer to each other with the taller monolith no longer in the middle?
They say “the camera never lies”, well the two pictures below clearly illustrate the modern CREATION of most of the Tiawanaku complex better than my amateur ramblings ever could…
BEFORE – 1903
Well you can clearly see the extant of the creative rebuild that was inflicted on the Tiawanaku complex by the Bolivian government. It must have been like playing with a gigantic box of Lego.
ABOVE – This sketch from 1877 shows the standing monoliths with not a single red sandstone block between them, so what influenced the Bolivian government to build the sandstone walls in between the monoliths? Could you imagine the British doing the same to Stonehenge?
BELOW – This photo from 1903 appear to show rows of smaller blocks placed between the vertical monoliths… but only below ground level.
My question is… Was this photo taken during the laying of “intrusive modern foundations” for the construction of previously non existent walls?
Or was this photo taken during explorative excavations of Tiawanaku and does it show ancient foundation blocks for walls that once ran between the standing stones, walls that had long since fallen down, but had left a blueprint of their existence concealed beneath the accumulated earth?
If there had always been concealed foundations running between the monoliths, then maybe the Bolivian government were simply following the logic that the hundreds of blocks scattered at the site which matched the foundation blocks should be placed back on top of the rediscovered foundations?
If any readers have any further info please post a link…